Sistemas de gobierno local en países poscomunistas Miembros de la Unión Europea / Local Government Systems in Selected Post-Communist EU-Member Countries

Daniel Klimovský, Uroš Pinterič, Petr Jüptner

Resumen


Resumen. Después de la caída de los regímenes comunistas en Europa, los países poscomunistas intentaron reformar sus sistemas de gobierno local de manera que fueran más cercanos a los principios democráticos en la Unión Europea. Aunque los países en cuestión estaban persiguiendo la misma meta —unirse a la UE— y estaban apoyados por las mismas organizaciones e instituciones internacionales, sus caminos para poner en marcha las medidas requeridas, así como logar los resultados propuestos, difieren significativamente. En el artículo, los autores intentan presentar cómo la misma idea o ideas similares produjeron distintos resultados en distintos países poscomunistas miembros de la UE, específicamente la República Checa, Lituania, Eslovaquia y Eslovenia. Con base en un análisis de documentos legales y datos secundarios, los países se comparan en su proceso para establecer sistemas modernos de administración local.

Abstract. After the fall of communist regimes in Europe, the post-communist countries tried to reform their local government systems in the manner that would be closer to democratic principles accepted in the European Union. Although these countries were following the same goal and to join the EU, and were supported by the same international organizations and institutions, their paths of implementing the requested measures, as well as the achieved results, differ significantly. In the article, the authors try to present how the same or similar ideas produced different outcomes in different post-communist EU member countries, namely the Czech Republic, Lithuania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Based on an analysis of legal documents and secondary data, the countries are compared in their process of establishing modernised systems of local administrations.


Palabras clave


reforma de (auto)gobierno local; sistema de gobierno local; descentralización; países poscomunistas; República Checa; Lituania; Eslovaquia; Eslovenia; local (self-)government reform; local government system; decentralization; post-communist countries; Cze

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29265/gypp.v25i1.154

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