Asociaciones público-privadas en la reducción de riesgo de desastres El caso de la industria química de Coatzacoalcos, México. / Public-Private Partnerships in Disaster Risk Reduction: The Case of the Chemical Industry of Coatzacoalcos, Mexico

Naxhelli Ruiz Rivera

Resumen


Resumen. Este artículo analiza la implementación de un esquema de reducción de riesgo de desastres asociados a la actividad petroquímica en la ciudad de Coatzacoalcos, en un contexto de descentralización de la gestión de riesgos. El trabajo aborda el papel de las asociaciones público-privadas y el ambiente institucional en torno a las labores locales de protección civil y gestión de riesgos. El artículo identifica los ámbitos de acción de agentes públicos y privados, y analiza el marco legal, los acuerdos políticos informales y las regulaciones fuera del ámbito legal que permiten la colaboración de estos agentes. El estudio muestra que la funcionalidad de estas asociaciones se basa en formas de confianza y colaboración que no tienen como base los principios del marco normativo establecido por el Estado y los acuerdos internacionales en la materia. El estudio concluye que los beneficios y derechos adquiridos a través de redes personales constituyen el apoyo central de este ambiente institucional.

Abstract. This paper analyzes the chemical hazards-related disaster risk reduction (drr) scheme in the petrochemical industry oriented city of Coatzacoalcos (Mexico) in the context of political decentralization. This work addresses the role of public-private partnerships, as well as the institutional environment around civil protection and chemical risk management. The paper identifies the scopes of action of public and private agents, and analyzes the legal framework, the informal political agreements and the non-legal regulations that allow these agents’ collaboration. The study shows that the functionality of these partnerships is based on forms of trust that do not rely entirely on the normative framework established by State organizations and international agreements; the trust that underlies their schemes of collaboration is relatively autonomous from the bureaucratic side of this institutional environment. The study concludes that the benefits and rights accessed through personal networks are the core of the institutional environment around risk governance.

 

 


Palabras clave


gestión de riesgo; descentralización; emergencia ambiental; asociaciones público-privadas; protección civil; risk management; decentralization; environmental emergency; publicprivate partnerships; civil protection

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29265/gypp.v26i1.209

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