Desigualdad, corrupción y Lord Acton

Stephen D. Morris

Resumen


Muchas investigaciones destacan una correlación entre la desigualdad y la corrupción. Por lo general, estos estudios se concentran en la desigualdad económica y solo una dimensión de la corrupción. Inspirado en la frase célebre de Lord Acton que asocia el poder y la corrupción, el presente trabajo pretende explorar el impacto de diferentes niveles o desigualdades de poder sobre distintas dimensiones, perspectivas y formas de corrupción. De estilo teórico y conceptual, ofrece un modelo que liga la corrupción estructural, institucional, legal y convencional a categorías de tipo ideales de poder y distribuciones de poder. Los niveles de poder van desde el poder absoluto, asociado con el poder abrumador de construir el concepto de la corrupción, hasta el poder de distorsionar la implementación o administración de la política pública ligado a la corrupción administrativa o convencional. El trabajo destaca también la influencia o hegemonía de la perspectiva ortodoxa sobre la corrupción y habla de la necesidad de una mejor distribución de poder entre instituciones, organizaciones y personas para atender a la corrupción en todas sus formas.

Palabras clave


corrupción; corrupción institucional; corrupción legal; desigualdad; Lord Acton

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29265/gypp.v30i3.959

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